59. Be able to choose 2 other eras of liturgical development and describe them
Sub-Apostolic Era: this was after the last apostle, John, died ~90 AD. There were persecutions, so celebrations were held underground. The Didache (~100-180 AD) was prayerful preparation for Mass prior to coming to the liturgy. In this era, there was definition of concelebration practices, role of the bishop, unity of the bishop with the people. There was the Liturgy of the Word, the offertory flowing into the Eucharistic Prayer, and the Liturgy of the Eucharist. The faithful responded by saying “Amen.” Communion was taken in hand and there was a collection taken for the poor. Around 200 AD, Hippolytus wrote the first detailed Eucharistic prayer. The language of the liturgy was Greek. Latin became the standard language around 350 AD. In the 600s, the liturgy became bilingual.
4th-6th Centuries: this was the Golden Age of the Church. There was a movement from having liturgy in homes to having liturgy in basilicas. The local bishops produced libelli (“little books”). There was a growth of daily Mass and we began to see liturgical vesture appear. People began to be organized into dioceses. The form of the Mass was greeting, psalm (Trisagion), enthronement of the Gospel book, opening prayer (invitation, supplication in silence, collect, amen), the proclamation of the Word (OT, Psalm, “Epistle”, Alleluia, Gospel, homily, general intercession, dismissal of the catechumen, presentation of the gifts given from home (after touching the sheep etc. the priest would wash his hands)), anaphora (introduction of the Sanctus, addition of intercessions), double movement (we pray to God and God sends his blessings back to us), breaking of the bread, Lord’s prayer, and communion.
To be continued….